Loss of tooth structure caused by a hard toothbrush, poor brushing technique or bruxism (grinding or clenching the teeth).
An infection of a tooth, soft tissue or bone.
A tooth or teeth that supports a fixed or removable bridge.
Contemporary term for dental restorations that involve 'bonding' of composite resin or porcelain fillings to natural teeth.
Removal of tooth structure by blasting a tooth with air and abrasive, a relatively new technology that may avoid the need for anesthetic.
Unfavorable systemic response to a foreign substance or drug.
The jaw bone that anchors the roots of teeth.
A most common filling material, also known as silver fillings, containing mercury (approximately 50%), silver, tin, copper and zinc.
A state of pain relief or an agent that lessens pain.
Partial or complete elimination of pain sensation. Numbing a tooth is an example of local anesthesia; general anesthesia produces partial or complete unconsciousness.
The six upper or six lower front teeth.
A drug that stops or slows the growth of bacteria.
An acronym for Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis, commonly known as trench mouth or Vincent's disease, which can be aggravated by stress and/or smoking.
The tip of the root of a tooth.
Surgical removal of the root tip to treat a dead tooth.
Describes the alignment of the upper or lower teeth.
Loss of structure due to natural wear.Base:
Cement placed under a dental restoration to insulate the pulp (nerve chamber).
Bicuspid or Pre-molar:
Transitional teeth behind the cuspids.
Juncture of two (three) roots in posterior teeth.
Removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination.
Relationship of the upper and lower teeth on closure (occlusion).
Caries (decay) detection devices used during X-rays.
Black Hairy Tongue:
Elongated papillae on the tongue, promoting the growth of microorganisms.
Chemical or laser treatment of natural teeth for whitening effect.
Anesthesia of a nerve trunk that covers a large area of the jaw. A mandibular block injection produces numbness of the lower jaw, teeth and half the tongue.
Adhesive dental restoration technique. A tooth-colored composite resin to repair and/or change the color or shape of a tooth.
Decrease in bone supporting the roots of teeth, which is a common result of periodontal (gum disease).
Devices used by orthodontists to gradually reposition teeth to a more favorable alignment.
A false tooth (called a pontic) that is held in place by the abutment teeth on either side of the gap. Although pontics can be made from a variety of materials such as gold, typically they're made from porcelain to aesthetically blend in with your natural teethBruxism:
Grinding or gnashing of the teeth, most commonly while the patient is asleep.Calcium:
Chemical element needed for healthy teeth, bones and nerves.
Hard residue, commonly known as tartar, that forms on teeth due to inadequate plaque control. Calculus teeth often are stained yellow or brown.
There are two upper and land two ower canine (cuspid) teeth.
Mouth sore that appears whitish and often has a red halo. A canker sore usually has a 10-14 day duration.
Fixed bridge that attaches to adjacent teeth only on one end.
Common term for dental crown.
Tooth decay or 'cavities.'
Cast or Model:
Reproduction of structures made by pouring plaster or stone into a mold.
Dental tool that uses high frequency ultrasonic waves to clean teeth.
Soft tissue infection causing extensive hard swelling, a potentially dangerous condition requiring immediate attention.
Hard tissue that covers the roots of teeth.
Log of dental or medical records.
Device that retains a removable partial denture to stationary teeth.
Part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities (dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontal disease
Material composed of plastic with small glass or ceramic particles that is usually cured with filtered light or chemical catalyst.
refer to any dental work that improves the appearance (though not necessarily the functionality) of teeth, gums and/or bite. It primarily focuses on improvement in dental aesthetics in color, position, shape, size, alignment and overall smile appearance.
CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation):
Artificial procedures employed by a rescuer after cessation of breathing or heart stoppage.
Reverse biting relationship of upper and lower teeth also known as underbite, as in Class III malocclusuion (prognathic jaw).
A crown, sometimes known as dental cap, is a type of dental restoration which completely caps or encircles a tooth or dental implant. Crowns are often needed when a large cavity threatens the ongoing health of a tooth. They are typically bonded to the tooth using a dental cement.
Removal of diseased tissue from a periodontal pocket.
Mound on posterior teeth.
Cuspid or Canine:
The four 'eye teeth.'
A soft or hard tissue sac filled with fluid.